Sunday, May 24, 2020

Holden Caulfield s The Catcher s The Rye - 1331 Words

Are 50’s teens able to survive the hurtful but unavoidable transition of becoming a grown up as they struggle with the changes that come along with it? JD. Salinger’s 1951 book, The Catcher in the Rye, shows us how society treated their confused and changing teenagers during their transition into adulthood. The book’s main character Holden Caulfield is being pressured into growing up even though he doesn’t feel ready, to lead an adult life. He is still struggling socially and mourning for his deceased brother whose death turned Holden upside down and into a negative, hopeless person from a young age, which causes him to be distracted, indifferent and to flunk every school he goes to. Therefore, Holden Caulfield seems to be dealing with a world that is forcing him to change his ways and grow up because of his age while he struggles with his past, present and future, in this JD Salinger classic. Thesis Statement Brainstorm: 1- Salinger’s main character Holden, is seen to be struggling with his past, present and future in The Catcher in the Rye. 2- Holden is seen to be having unspecified negative thoughts about growing up throughout JD Salinger’s famous The Catcher in the Rye. 3-JD Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye’s main character Holden Caulfield seems to be dealing with a world that forces him to change his ways because of his age and what it’s expected from him while he is struggling with his past, present and future. Theme: StrugglesShow MoreRelatedHolden Caulfield s The Catcher Of The Rye1416 Words   |  6 PagesIt is evident that the protagonist, Holden Caulfield suffers from depression due to the death of his younger brother, Allie in The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger. Due to Allie’s death, Holden’s actions elicit his own views of the world and the â€Å"phonies† around him.   Holden has tunnel-vision to living a simple, happy life and isolates himself from those around him who understand the concept of growing up. Salinger uses a hat, a museum, and a merry-go-round to illuminate Holden’s emotion, theRead MoreHolden Caulfield s The Catcher Of The Rye1213 Words   |  5 Pages The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger’s protagonist, Holden Caulfield suffers from depression due to the death of his younger brother, Allie. Allie’s premature passing elicits Holden’s cynical views of the world and the â€Å"phonies† around him.   Hol den isolates himself from those around him in order to shy away from the complexities of life. Salinger uses a hat, a museum, and a merry-go-round to illuminate Holden’s inner turmoil with people, the notion of adulthood, and growing up. Sigmund Freud’sRead MoreAn Analysis Of Holden Caulfield s The Catcher s The Rye 900 Words   |  4 Pagesstory The Catcher in the Rye the 16-year-old protagonist, Holden Caulfield, experiences a conflict that makes him want to relive his childhood memories. Holden has so much hatred toward the adult world and he thinks adults are very phony and lame. J.D Salinger delves into the mentality of a boy that hates adult intimacy and sexuality. Holden ends up in a mental institution to recover from his problems and to overcome his fear of adulthood. This novel is set in the early 1950s and Holden is from NewRead MoreAn Analysis Of Holden Caulfield s The Catcher s The Rye 1941 Words   |  8 Pagesenough; one cannot appreciate the blissful innocence of childhood until it has passed. The novel, The Catcher in the Rye, explores the complex and often incomprehensible transition to adulthood through the experiences of the protagonist, Holden Caulfield. J.D. Salinger uses Holden’s character to express the challenges teenagers must overcome in order to adapt and succeed in an adult society. Holden outlines the challenges he is experiencing through this time of development by striving to preserve childhoodRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of Holden Caulfield s The Catcher Of The Rye 1733 Words   |  7 Pagesthe novel The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield is faced with multiple â€Å"phonies† that divert him from those he really holds affection for. Throughout the novel Holden shows disgust for certain characters but his ability to build relationships of intimacy are most eminent. Through Allie Caulfield, Holden is able to make a more personal connection. Seeing as how he is now dead, Allie is a savior in the eyes’ of Holden when he is in the time of need. Phoebe Caulfield, Holden’s tenRead MoreHolden Caulfield s The Catcher Of The Rye1493 Words   |  6 PagesJerome David Salinger’s novel, The Catcher in the Rye, describes Holden Caulfield’s journey to understand the complexities of growing up and his purpose. In the beginning, he is in a mental hospital somewhere near Los Angeles and is writing about this â€Å"madman stuff† to a psychoanalyst. Holden flunked out of Pencey Prep and leaves his dormitory to go on a journey around New York to find his way through post-war New York society. At the same time, he is suffering from depression and is on the vergeRead MoreHolden Caulfield s The Catcher Of The Rye824 Words   |  4 PagesThe Catcher in the Rye Symbolism Essay J.D Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye, is the story of Holden Caulfield’s loss of faith in society, and in particular adults. Salinger uses a number of symbols to demonstrate Holden’s rebellion against the phony facade of society and his desire to preserve the innocence of children, especially those he loves. Chief among them is Holden’s misinterpretation of Robert Burns’ poem â€Å"Comin thro’ the Rye†, wherein Holden mistakes the original line, â€Å"If a body meet aRead MoreHolden Caulfield s The Catcher Of The Rye1928 Words   |  8 PagesIn The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield’s story is seemingly aimless and without any sense of direction. However, Salinger brings the novel into focus in the final chapters by introducing the idea of being the â€Å"Catcher in the Rye† from the poem by Robert Burns. Salinger chose the name â€Å"Catcher in the Rye† for the title of his novel, but why? The a nswer is that Salinger wanted to emphasize the connection between Holden, the main character, and the cryptic â€Å"Catcher.† Holden confessesRead MoreAnalysis Of Holden Caulfield s The Catcher Rye 1308 Words   |  6 Pagesscratch, while others perish into the rubble. The same can be said for Holden Caulfield, the protagonist of J.D. Salinger’s novel The Catcher in the Rye, a teenager that suffers and wallow in his misery behind the scene’s, yet lives a life of luxury and debauchery for all to witness. Psychoanalytical theory operates as a catalyst in analyzing and understanding Holden Caulfield in the narrative of The Catcher in the Rye. Holden is introduced as a defeatist, juvenile youngster that has just failed outRead MoreHolden s Influence On Holden Caulfield s The Catcher s The Rye 846 Words   |  4 Pagesforces that interact with one another greatly. For example, in The Catcher in the Rye, these two influences affect Holden Caulfield significantly. They have a large impact on how he views the world and other people. Whilst Holden â€Å"served the author’s purpose: to scrutinize the cruelties and banalities† of society, The Catcher in the Rye remains a work that may helps others understand the path to happiness (Coles). A concept Holden had observed from the start of the novel was the materialism and egotism

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Character Brett Ashley in Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also...

The Character Brett Ashley in Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises There is a common perception among casual readers--who hasnt heard it voiced?--that Ernest Hemingway did not respect women. The purpose of this essay is to examine one work in such a way as to challenge these heinous assumptions. Hemingways persona will be left alone. What will be examined is the role of women, as evidenced by Brett Ashley in The Sun Also Rises, and what, if anything, it reveals in the way of settling this account of Hemingway as misogynist. Brett Ashley enjoys a unique position of power in the novel--in todays vernacular, she wears the pants in all her relationships. The feminist perspective, no doubt, will find this true, but rapidly move†¦show more content†¦His love is unconditional. Mike, nor Robert Cohn, nor the former Lord Ashley loved her unconditionally. They had Brett wrapped in all types of chains. It is against this regressive mind-set that Brett fights. They all want to own her. But, not Jake. And Jake as narrator is Hemingways nearest relative. Jakes voice is hardly distinguishable from Hemingways own. Given that, Id say the author invented an arch-type of modern man in Jake Barnes. Jake is the friend you can count on. Hes the guy, who if he were alive today, would memorize Bly and bang drums in the woods under a full moon. Hes sensitive. Speaking of sensitive, what is the reader to make of Jakes faulty machinery? The feminist in me screams, Thats the only reason Jake acts the way he does, because hes been neutered in war. Excuse the graphic nature of this, but Jake is still a man with two hands and a tongue. Having children never enters into the equation. Bretts no Mommy. In other words, I reject the notion that Jake is less a man for his injury. He is, it fact, a better man. The Sun Also Rises is a seminal work from a writer at the peak of his skills. Hemingway, like his narrator, Jake Barnes, does the work of a journalist. The novel serves as a field report for the societal changes brought on by the Great War. The role of women in the culture was very much on the minds of thinking people. It was on Hemingways mind, and he wrote about it eloquently throughout hisShow MoreRelatedErnest Hemmingway: Shifting Gender Roles in The Sun Also Rises782 Words   |  3 PagesErnest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Chicago, Illinois. Hemingway was an American author and journalist. Kemen Zabala author of â€Å"HEMINGWAY: A STUDY IN GENDER AND SEXUALITY† states that Hemingway was commonly known for portraying the sterile and disillusioned environment created by the massive human loss of World War I. Perhaps his exposure to the atrocious nature of war as a Red Cross ambulance driver in the Europe during World War I aided and further influenced his literar y capturing ofRead MoreThe Story Of The Lost Generation1661 Words   |  7 Pagescarefree life like the characters in The Sun Also Rises do sounds like fun but it isn t what it seems. Ernest Hemingway writes a piece of literature that when looked upon through a new historicist critical perspective exposes the underlying truth and an uglier reality that is normally suppressed presents itself. New historicist criticism in a nutshell is arguing that the literature is directly influenced by the time period and place in which it occurs, but The Sun Also Rises also reflects the attitudesRead MoreThe Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway1195 Words   |  5 Pagespowerful aspects of a book. For instance, when a reader reads the title The Sun Also Rises, written by Ernest Hemingway, the reader is able to understand that the title of the novel is connected directly to the message that the author is attempting to convey. The title later brings forth much more significance towards the very e nd of the novel when the reader pauses and contemplates Hemingway’s motives. The title The Sun Also Rises has the ability to stimulate deep thought within a reader, thus forcingRead MoreThe Dependence On Futility : An Analysis Of Brett Ashley1004 Words   |  5 PagesDependence on Futility: An Analysis of Brett Ashley In The Sun Also Rises, Ernest Hemingway employs metafiction to reveal the nature of World War One and its effect on individual ideals. Narrating the novel from the first person perspective of the protagonist, Jake Barnes, Hemingway clearly contrasts between fiction and reality. Although the reader has a limited perspective on the events in the novel, the lack of emotional connection between the characters becomes evident and expresses the underlyingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Sun Also Rises By Ernest Hemingway1289 Words   |  6 Pagesin which Germany proposed a military alliance with Mexico. The telegram was a blatant attempt to bring The United States into World War 1 by Germany, and it succeeded. Once the United States entered the war, fresh young faces like eighteen-year-old Ernest Hemingway lined up to fight for their country. Sadly â€Å"An eye problem barred him from the army, so he joined the ambulance corps† which allowed him to aid in the war effort overseas (Levine 79 5). Less than a year later while attending to Italian soldiersRead MoreEssay on Robert Cohns Struggle for Respect in The Sun Also Rises798 Words   |  4 PagesRobert Cohns Struggle for Respect in The Sun Also Rises    Jake Barnes: Youre not an aficionado? Spanish waiter: Me? What are bulls? Animals. Brute animals... A cornada right through the back. For fun-you understand. (Hemingway, 67)  Ã‚  Ã‚   Why does everybody hate Robert Cohn? At the beginning of Hemingways novel, The Sun Also Rises, Jake Barnes, the storys point-of-view character, wants us to believe that he has at least some appreciation for Cohn. He relates some of Cohns life for usRead MoreAnalysis Of The Lost Generation1411 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"You are all a lost generation†, said Gertrude Stein to Ernest Hemingway in a casual conversation in Paris. The phrase then came to characterize an entire post-war generation of the 1920’s which sets the premise of Hemingway’s iconic novel, The Sun Also Rises. After World War I, society quickly began questioning their traditional ideas of justice, faith and morality. The men and women affected by the aftermath of the war became physically, psychologically, and moral ly lost. This group of people wasRead MoreTransformation In Ernest Hemingways The Sun Also Rises1298 Words   |  6 PagesErnest Hemingway’s novel, The Sun Also Rises, is a story that may seem underwhelming to the average audience, for to them the characters seem linear and are full of cliches, the story builds up to an anticlimactic ending, and it makes the reader contemplate the whole point of the adventure. But to the person with a palette for literature, The Sun Also Rises is everything but a bore; it is a ride of emotion, symbolism, progression, and character development, adding to that an ending that leaves theRead MoreThe Sun Also Rises By Ernest Hemingway1918 Words   |  8 PagesZach Ullom Eng-125F-SO2 Dr. Les Hunter December 3, 2015 Brett Ashley: Whore or Heroine in The Sun Also Rises After a thorough reading and in-depth analyzation of Ernest Hemingway’s riveting novel The Sun Also Rises, the character of Brett Ashley may be seen in a number of different ways. While some critics such as Mimi Reisel Gladstein view Brett as a Circe or bitch-goddess, others such as Carol H. Smith see Brett as a woman who has been emotionally broken by the world around her. I tend lean towardsRead MoreThe Sun Also Rises : Jake Barnes Ernest Hemingway - a Comparison3277 Words   |  14 PagesHemingways The Sun Also Rises Jake Barnes Ernest Hemingway – A Comparison â€Å"Hey, Kitty, said Ernest, Im taking your advice. Im writing a novel full of plot and drama. He gestured ahead towards Harold and Bill. Im tearing those bastards apart, he said. Im putting everyone in it and that kike Loeb is the villain.â€Å" - Hemingway (Baker p.234) Table of contents: 1. Setting, Characters Background 2. Impotence War Wound 3. Women 4. San Fermà ­n 5. Interests Characteristics Bibliography

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ethics of Doctor Assisted Suicide Free Essays

string(41) " it will be time to decide on the means\." One of the most hotly debated topics going on now is the one concerning the ethics of assisted suicide and euthanasia. Nowadays with all the progress that the medical profession has gained, people who are terminally ill have more options, and there have been continued efforts to give them the â€Å"right to die† when they choose this option. I was interested in researching this topic because I think the debate has a lot to do with politics. We will write a custom essay sample on Ethics of Doctor Assisted Suicide or any similar topic only for you Order Now This dilemma has been hotly debated and I was open to seeing how this movement was progressing. In the beginning, I was a proponent on this issue, and believed people should not be denied their wishes when they wanted to end their pain. However, I was open to learning more about the opposite stance and what the reasons for opposition were. It always seemed unusual to me that suicide was not illegal, but it was illegal to assist in one even with a consenting party. I wondered how this could be, and how people could deny people this right in unending pain. There never seems to be a prosecution of doctors who participate in these acts, even though they frequently go to court. I wondered why this occurred and what the laws really said regarding this. I also wondered how people distinguished between forgoing medical interventions and actually assisting in the suicide. As I approached the research, my main questions were regarding the opposition. I really did not know all the problems that could occur. Research about this brought to light many things that are not discussed in the media, although this is a highly publicized subject. I found that it is very difficult to end the debate because all the arguments are just matters of opinion. Opposers and protestors have good arguments. No one really knows what would happen, so opinions are used to predict it. Since all the media attention, I will try not to discuss the many things that are already known. I found myself intrigued at what I did not know, and found my views profoundly affected. After reading current articles about what was going on legally and about cases, reviewing the history of this topic, and reading books showing the two opposing viewpoints, I have made my conclusions. I will show how people are currently handling this and how they are being viewed. I will discuss the main arguments on both sides. Finally, I will show what I concluded from this and how my views have been altered by information that I did not know before. I will begin by explaining how the terms are defined. Euthanasia derived from Greek roots and means â€Å"good death. † Active euthanasia is a direct and deliberate intervention to kill the patient. It is â€Å"intended to end the life of the competent, terminally ill patient who makes a fully voluntary and persistent request for aid in dying. † Voluntary euthanasia takes place when the patient requests the action and it is involuntary if the patient is not mentally competent enough to make the right choice. Passive euthanasia is withholding treatment from a patient. A physician-assisted suicide occurs when the patient does the actual act, but the physician provides either enough information or the means to do it. One source defines it as a â€Å"desperate measure, justified only in exceptional cases where every effort has first been made to care for a dying person by other means. † The terms euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide usually are used for the same thing and are not generally distinguished from one another. Typically the means of suicide is lethal doses of a poison such as pills, an injection, or gas. Motive causes euthanasia to be distinguished from murder, because its intent is merciful and is done out of kindness. The physician’s intentions can make considerable differences concerning how their act will be classified. The most common reason for a patient to want this aid is a terminal illness. Unbearable suffering has caused the person to become intolerant of the physical and/or emotional pain. The other reason is a physical handicap that is debilitating and the patient would rather die than live with it. Most people are able to cope with this, but in some cases, it is impossible for the patient to do so. In ancient times, euthanasia was encountered often. However, suicide was condemned. During the sixteenth century, some people began to see it as more of a personal choice. It eventually became decriminalized, but assisted suicide and euthanasia are still crimes in most countries. The introduction of powerful analgesics caused a rise in the interest in the â€Å"right to die† movement. It was advocated in the late 1800’s, and has been a topic for debate since the early 1900’s. Doctors have been helping patients die for centuries. Some cultures today have people that will stop eating and wait to die when they become seriously ill. The â€Å"right to die movement† is encouraged by several factors. Modern technology has come along to extend human life. The fear of the dying process is of great concern to some people, especially when it accompanies physical and psychological suffering. Patients are becoming more in charge of their own fate and have more of a voice. Finally, there is a concern about the high health care costs. They cost more than 60 billion annually, and 1/3 of Medicaid payments go to patients in their last year of life. Medicine’s main goal has always been the preservation of life. Now, this is being challenged in an attempt to change it. The two sides of the issue are being debated. On one side are the people who think it is not a physicians place to kill a patient, because he/she should only help, not harm. The opposition thinks that suffering is the real harm. The debate comes at the point of the onset of the terminal illness, when it will be time to decide on the means. You read "Ethics of Doctor Assisted Suicide" in category "Essay examples" This is sometimes called the â€Å"Kevorkian moment. † Proponents give examples of people who could be helped, while opponents give counterexamples of people who may be harmed. There are many moral and legal considerations. The support for a physician’s participation is increasing. According to opinion polls, about 60% of people in the U. S. are supporters. About 15% of physicians practice it when it is justified. It is actually impossible to know for sure how much takes place because incidents are usually kept secret to avoid prosecution. Most people who have reported that they would consider it give reasons such as that they would not want to be a burden, would not want to live in pain, or would not want to depend on machines or others. The main argument for the support of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide is that people should have the right to control their life and death, and should be able to end their lives when they wish if they are suffering needlessly. It is argued that it is a private choice and society has no right to be concerned. They usually portray it as a case of individual liberty. One source states â€Å"euthanasia, if legalized, would be the ultimate civil liberty, since it would secure the freedom to determine and to control our own death. † Physicians must then decide if they are willing to take part in either directly killing the patient or by assisting the patient in suicide. The physician should follow the demands of the patient, even if it means killing them, because that would respect their wishes and the rights of the patient. Physicians treat patients with the purpose of restoring health. If the patient can’t be restored to a reasonable level of living, it shouldn’t be wrong to discontinue it. Euthanasia supporters often try to get sympathy by relating stories to make one feel like suicide is the only option in their case. The media has sparked a lot of interest, and continues to show stories like this. Simi Linton, psychologist, says, â€Å"I’m disturbed at how the media treats it, as: here are these poor folks; let’s help them end their lives† (qtd. in 1). It makes it seem as if would be inhumane to deny anyone this option. Basically, it is the quality of life that is the main concern of the patient. They may feel that life is not worth living in their state. It would not be humane to insist that every means be taken to keep someone alive. A physician’s main concern is to relieve suffering, so sometimes there is only one way to achieve that goal. At the time that efforts are no longer doing any good, the main concern is to make the patient comfortable and alleviate symptoms such as pain. Drugs do not always get rid of all the pain, especially when it is excruciating. Sometimes a patient will be drugged into unconscious with severe pain that cannot be controlled. This does not seem like effective pain management to me. I do not believe people will be satisfied living in such a state as that. They would want to be put out of their misery. Legalization would cause many changes. It would give rights to the person who does it, rather than the person who dies. It is about the right to kill, rather than the right to die. 9 Physicians would need to be trained in more areas regarding this, such as information about medications and dosage, and about the mentality of the patient. They will need to gain expertise in understanding patients’ motivations for requesting it, assessing their mental status, diagnosing and treating depression. The medical profession is developing greater expertise in managing terminal illness but would need to develop similar expertise in responding to requests for physician-assisted suicide. The debates over assisted suicide have forced clinicians to be more aware of what can be done to relieve suffering. Doctors are improving palliative care and their own behavior. Patients are becoming more aware of their options. The problems associated with legalizing assisted suicide are usually not talked about when the proponents make their argument. The discussion of the potential for abuse, the ways it could be prevented or better helped are put on a backburner. The main argument against legalization is that human life is sacred, and it is not a human right to take it away. Some say that there is no need for suicide, because health care should resolve all problems and pain management has come a long way. Most people who commit suicide suffer from depression, so it is often debated whether this could be the reason for someone wanting assisted suicide. Often, when their depression is treated, the patient responds well, and would like to live. A regular physician cannot make the determination of whether a patient is suffering from depression. This is something that is difficult to diagnose in terminally ill patients. Just because a patient request suicide does not mean this will be an appropriate solution. Sometimes, a patient may even request suicide, but when the time draws near, they change their mind because it did not seem so imminent before. The will to request the suicide must be voluntary, but this decision is left up to the physician. How can a physician judge whether it is voluntary or not? It is also difficult to determine what terminal is. When people say that it should be reserved for people who are terminally ill, they cannot define it. It is used to mean someone whose death will occur in a relatively short time. Some people may say that if they will die in 6 months it is considered terminal, but it is difficult to determine exactly how long someone has to live. They may live much longer than that. A person could also be terminal who is in a vegitative state, but will live for years in that state with continued medicine. People cannot reach an agreement on what the definition of terminal would be, some even say old age is terminal. Marianne Smith, Program Development Director of the Death with Dying National Center defines it as â€Å"an illness in which there is no chance of recovery and that death is imminent. â€Å"15 Activists of euthanasia use the demonstration that suicide is the only means to control unbearable pain. Most pain is supposed to be able to be eliminated, or greatly reduced. Many people do not get enough pain control. 6 One reason is the underknowlege many physicians have about this, and that they are afraid the patient will become addicted. Also, too much pain medication can cause symptoms that may be worse than the disease was itself. One source says that â€Å"patients and physicians alike may be unaware of the options available in the medical system, including advances in pain control that could help patients but are not routinely provided. â€Å"3 There may be no solution to these problems, but some things can be done. Better health care education, more access to health care, and informing patients of their rights. 6 Everyone has the right to pain relief. Patients should get adequate health care, and not killed. Physicians argue that if good care of the dying is being provided, then a request for suicide would be rare. 4 Some patients may want to consider suicide, but are incapable of administering medicine. Some people may also lose their mental capabilities, and will be unable to request it. It is difficult to assess fairness in cases like these. Some people use a form of advance directive and make their request before deterioration occurs. It is hard to extend the same rights to all patients without causing abuse. If someone is unable to communicate their request, it would be frightening for someone to make that decision for them and to say that their life is not worth living, so we must kill them. There is great potential for abuse if it were to be legalized. Depressed people, elderly, and very frightened people would be greatly affected. People may feel pressured into giving up. Elderly are especially vulnerable to this. Now that there are more people living longer, this problem will increase. They may tend to feel they are a burden on their families, or are selfishly consuming resources. If a physician advocates it, they also may be swayed. People may also feel distrustful of the physician’s advice. This may cause a hardship in getting appropriate care. 10 Legalization will only encourage more people to take part in it. It does not seem as if we would be ready for this to occur, because we are only just beginning to explore some realms of the medical world. It took a long time to figure out about adequate care for many patients and when is the right time to withdraw life support, so it would not seem that we would be ready for this step. The â€Å"slippery slope† argument is used by opponents, saying that legalization will lead to involuntary euthanasia. My own opinion is that if assisted suicide were legalized, we may not be as inclined to advance medical progress and knowlege. It would seem easier to just put the patient out of his/her misery. They may not use their experience to increase what we know about medicine and learn how to help the illness, or better cope with it. Proponents have said that euthanasia should be considered â€Å"medical treatment. † If this is so, there could be great potential for abuse. Then it may be more likely to be administered to people who cannot make the request. Some decisions that have gone to court say that assisted suicide is a constitutional right and that someone else can make the decision for the patient. If direct killing can be legalized by someone else, someone who is not competent could be euthanized without ever expressing that wish. It seems to be inevitable that patient are going to be killed without permission if legalization occurs, even with rules about consent. The main argument of how abuse of the practice could occur is called the â€Å"slippery slope argument. † It says that â€Å"even if particular acts of killing are sometimes morally justified with particularly pain-ridden patients, sanctioning practices of killing would run serious social risks of abuse, misuse and neglect. 3 The bad consequences of legalization would occur over time as this practice became more used. Another potential form of abuse lies in the fact that it would be cheaper to euthanize a patient than to continue medical treatment. It is thought that it could become a means of health care cost containment. Some of the main supporters of euthanasia are people concerned about lowering health care costs. 6 Religion has caused many people to debate it. Most churches are adamantly opposed to the idea of suicide. However, some Christians believe that God would not want them to suffer. 9 Although most religions and churches disagree with intentionally killing a patient, many people who hold this stand will allow the withdrawal of life support. It is believed that there is a difference between killing and letting die. Someone who is against euthanasia may agree with letting someone die who is being kept alive solely by life support that is not really helping them. 3 People feel that the intent in these cases is different. The more accepted approach does not involve killing. One interpretation of the difference shows that the intent is different because actively killing is aiming at death, and withdrawing support simply accepts that we are limited to help the dying and cannot reverse the process. 8 However, some peole believe that since death is the outcome no matter what, there is no moral difference between them. Another matter of intent distiction regards what is called the â€Å"double effect. † A physician will administer a pain medication to relieve pain, but knows that it may cause death. The patient would be in pain without it, but it may cause death if it is administered. It is usually believed to be moral if the doctor’s intent is to relieve the suffering, and not to cause death. It is allowed if the death is foreseen but not intended, because it is the intent that makes it wrong. Although suicide is no longer a crime, giving assistance in it is, everywhere except for Switzerland, Germany, Norway, and Uraguay. In Australia, a law was passed that allows terminally ill patients to ask for assistance by injection or taking drugs themselves. 7 There is a debate about it because Parliament wants to overturn the statute, which is the world’s only voluntary euthanasia statute. In the Netherlands, it is actually a crime, but it has been ruled that physicians may assist in death under certain conditions. Some of these are that the patient must be ruled competent, and two doctors must conclude that the patient has less than 6 months to live. 8 The United States has used them as an example to see what would happen if it were to occur here. They are having problems with it, mainly with abuse. The physicians there have reported that the main reasons people request it are â€Å"low quality of life, the relatives, inability to cope, and no prospect for improvement. 0 Some sources show that people are requesting it for physical symptoms that it is almost ridiculou that they would go to such an extreme measure for. I think that the potential for abuse here may be great, because it is getting out of hand over there. People are becoming afraid to go to hospitals because euthanasia is becoming so commonplace. It now accounts for 15% of deaths. 1000 unconsenting deaths occur each year. 1. In 1994, the state of Oregon passed a ballot that gives limited physician-assisted suicide legality. This makes it the first in the nation to do so. A doctor must determine the patient has less than six months to live. A second doctor must decide that they are mentally competent and not suffering from depression. The patient must request it in writing with two witnesses, and then 48 hours before the doctor delivers the prescription the request must be repeated orally. 1 It must be a voluntary act. However, those jugements are left to the physician. So far, it has never been put into action. Other states are considering similar legislation, such as California which has proposed a law that is similar to the guidelines that the Dutch have adopted. Lawsuits in Washington State and New York were ruled by the 9th and 2nd U. S. Circuit Courts of Appeals that laws prohibiting physician-assisted suicide are unconstitutional. The legal fate will be determined by the Supreme Court. In 1990, the decision of Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health resulted in people having the right to avoid unwanted medical treatment, including food and water. 5 It recognized the right to terminate unwanted medical treatment even when death would be the result. 14 People often use the Constitution as a basis for argument. The 14th amendment prohibits the state from depriving â€Å"any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. † So to deny a dying patient medical assistance when requested is to â€Å"threaten this patient’s request for help is judged denial of constitutionally protected due process. â€Å"4 As the courts were in session to hear a case about whether terminally ill people have a constitutional right to physician assisted suicide, demonstrators sang and picketed outside a Supreme Court building. The emotions of the rights issue has been compared to that of abortion. Both of these issues dig into whether we have the right to choose such personal issues. People can feel very strongly about the issues of mercy killing, whether they oppose or support it. The lack of laws cause people to avoid prosecution for assisting in a suicide. Kevorkian has escaped prosecution because there is not a state law prohibiting it, according to a Michigan judge. 9 People are afraid that activities such as his would become widespread if assisted suicide were legalized. His actions have been opposed not because of the assistance, but because he had no real relationship with his patients and had not given them any kind of clinical evaluation. Many were also not terminally ill. 3 It seems to show what is lacking in the medical sysytem, or what could become of it. Every case of assisted suicide is not convicted or prosecuted, even in states that make it illegal. However, the fact that there are many landmark â€Å"right to die† cases, shows that the law is commited to the prohibition. However, the procedures are not described as killing. If this were the case, the act would have to be justified similar to killing someone out of self defense. 4 It is hard to define the conditions that there must be in order to make it legal, because there is so much that we do not know. For euthanasia to be ethical, there must be certain guidelines. The person must be a mature adult, and has been shown to be mentally competent and willing to make the decision. Some medical help will have already been given, and it should seem that the fight is hopeless. 9 Many organizations have beliefs on this and they try to educate the public on euthanasia and what their views are. I contacted Marianne Smith, the Program Development Director of the Death with Dignity National Center. 15 She explained to me in e-mail how the organization feels about euthanasia and what they do to educate the public about it. The organization is working toward better health care for paients. She feels that assisted suicide should be legal, but that â€Å"physician-assisted dying should be the response of last resort,† and â€Å"when all other options fail to relieve unbearable suffering, when the patient is acting on his or her own initiative, is not clinically depressed, and is capable of administering the medication personally. The people who could be elgible are â€Å"only terminally ill, competent adults with decisionmanking capacity. † I also asked whether euthanasia could be avoided with adequate pain medicine. Her response was that â€Å"Physicians, medical associations and hospices all have stated that not all pain can be controlled. † Their view, which is one I encountered a lot, is that the medical professionals have not been trained adequately in pain management. Regarding the issues of potential â€Å"slippery slope† abuse, she says that physician’s aid in dying is more common than people realize, and legalization would just make it happen openly, instead of secretly. However, the state regulation should provide strict guidelines and penalties for violations. I think that it is hard to make sure that the decisions are correct, so it should be carefully thought out. We are dealing with a very serious issue, which is death. It should not be an easy decision to make or to carry out. Becaue death is the consequence, the decision to kill oneself, and carrying it out should be very difficult and carefully thought out. This would help ensure that people have thought about it enough and know that this is the best decision. I don’t know how a solution can be thought of to deal with the debate, but things such as more health care education and informing patients of their rights should be a consideration. I hope that if legalization ever were to take place, that they would carefully restrict who qualified for euthanasia. After all my research, most of my questions have been answered. It is difficult to come to a conclusion because there is no right or wrong answer. I don’t know how anyone can determine what should be done. Who can put a price on life and say who has the right to die? The basic choice is whether to let doctors help people die, and if so, how? I have found many great arguments either opposing or protesting this issue, which has led me to my conclusions. When I began this paper, I dove into it thinking that I was going to condone the idea of assisted suicide. I knew I could convince someone that it should be the moral and legal thing to do. I could not imagine a life without the ultimate choice or having to endure great suffering. I was going to defend this side, but also show the opposing side. Once I got into the research, I found many facts that I had not known before about why it has not yet been legalized. Many questions and opinions showed me that there were things I had not even bothered to think about before. What a surprise to me that I could begin a project as a supporter, and then turn around my views. I now see where the opposers are coming from. There are just too many problems and considerations to think about before this could ever happen, and there are alternate solutions. I cannot say that this has given me a complete turn in the opposite direction, but I am definitely leaning toward the opposing side except in extreme circumstances when nothing could ever help the patient. How to cite Ethics of Doctor Assisted Suicide, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Spending And Preparedness Financial Sector -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Spending And Preparedness Financial Sector? Answer: Introducation Before implementing a BYOD policy, Aztek must carefully scrutinize both the business and security implications of the project. This policyis regulated by various legislative measures and controls described in the Freedom of Information Act 1982, Archives Act 1983, and also the Privacy Act 1988. These regulations govern the BYOD implementation criteria in an organizationand the relevant legal control measure to oversee the policy. These legislative regulations were necessary due to the liability risks marketing from adopting a BYOD policy in an organization. To ensure thesuccess of the BYOD project, the ICT management team of Aztek must develop a BYOD strategy, determine the implications of the project on any potentially existing BYOD, identify related legislation and regulations, communicate the organizations BYOD policies, and the relevant financial and technical support measures. Develop a BYOD strategy In order to successfully implement a BYOD strategy that compliments the business structure of Aztek, it is crucial to carefully formulatea strategy that is tailored to the needs and activities of Aztek. A strategy is importantso as to clearly analyze the risks involved and the appropriate measures (Ghosh, Gajar Rai, 2013). The absence of a strategy might create a situation whereby BYOD policies are employee driven. To developing a BYOD strategy for Aztek, the ICT team under the guidance of the management will conduct a pilot trial of a few employees in a low-risk section of Aztek. A review of the pilot trial using clearly defined success measures will provide Aztek management with an overview ofthe projects security implications, its cost-benefit relevance, and the impact on Azteks business activities. Existing BYOD framework In today's technological culture, it is likely that there exists an authorized or unauthorized BYOD framework in any organization. Aztek must first determine the possible BYOD existingprior to the implementation of the strategy. This information can be obtained from Azteks employees and other relevant stakeholders. A review of the organizations assigned devices can also help in mapping out the existing framework and implement the new strategy in a complementary manner. Legislations and Regulations According to the Information Security Manual (ISM) by the Australian government, it is important for any organization to seek legal advice before allowing employees to access the organizations systems using their personal devices so as to carefully understand the legal issues and liabilities imposed by a BYOD strategy. Communicating the Organizations Policy Aztek must carefully determine how to implement the policy in a manner that will facilitate employees compliance and support. Among the most effective ways ensure user compliance is by involving all relevant stakeholders in developing and implementing the BYOD policies (Lebek, Degirmenci Breitner, 2013). This will ensurea policy that is complementaryto the business and workforce structure of Aztek, employee motivation, and that the needs of all affected parties are met. The management of Aztek can alternatively offer BYOD as an optional strategy rather than mandatory.In order to ensure full awareness, the policy must be communicated to all departments, employees, and stakeholders. The policy must clearly highlight the authorized devices, the organizational data that they are permitted to access, authorized applications and software, storage and distribution regulations, non-compliance repercussions, and the controls that the managementis obligated to enforced to ensure the success o f the BYOD strategy. To ensure the compliance of all employees and to prevent legal liabilities, the employees of Aztek will be required to sign an Acceptable Use Policy that stipulates their authorized behavior and consequent repercussions of any violationsof the policy. Technical Support In developing a BYOD strategy, it is necessary for Aztek to determine the technical support implications of the strategy. A BYOB strategy would result in awide variety of personal devices with different operating systems, manufacturers, configuration settings, and electrical layouts. It would, therefore, be ineffective to assign Azteks IT support desk with the responsibility of managing the devices. Possible solutions for Aztek include issuing a list of approved devices or providing basic technical training to the employees. Financial Support The main aim organizational goal of Aztek is to ensure shareholders wealth maximization and making profits. It is therefore important to consider the financial implications of a BYOD strategy before its implementation (Seigneur et al., 2013).This includes concerns about expenses from internet and connectivity while at Aztek or outside the office, personal devices provided by Aztek, and the relevance of these expenses in helping accomplish Azteks organizational goal.All this will be dependent on Azteks budget, financial resources, and necessity of the BYOD strategy to the organization. Impact of the BYOD Project on Security In todays modern environment, it is challenging for any organization to adapt. This challenge is especially crucial to financial service organizations such as Aztek. Financial service institutions face high data security risk and management obligations. The situation is worsened by the increased level of competition among financial service organizations (Gustav Kabanda, 2016). These institutions manage the sensitive financial information of their many clients. Implementing a BYOD strategy, therefore, imposes a huge risk on Aztek and other financial service institutions. The security of the customers sensitive financial information is put at risk of loss or even malicious manipulation when employees are authorized toaccess to this information from their personal devices. The management of financial institutions is often faced with a dilemma of improving the customers security and meeting the auditors requirements on the one hand and increasing organizational efficiency and customer r elationson the other hand (Vijayan, Hardy, 2015). To mitigate the security risks as a result of a BYOD strategy, Aztek can specifically assign authorized devices to a regulated number of reliableemployees. By controlling the specific business and employees, Aztek can ensure security and efficiency of its financial services. With the continuously growing number of mobile devices, it is important for financial institutions to implement BYOD policies that are complementary to the organizations. This is particularly crucial for financial institutions in the modern age. A survey by IDC revealed that a huge number of financial institutionsare exposed to risk related to employees personal devices (Burt, 2014). The institutions do not have relevant strategies and policies to govern the use of mobile devices, applications, and mobile security concerns for their employees. In order to address the security concern, Aztek must first evaluate the impact of a BYOD strategy on the organizational goal of wealth maximization. The organization should then formulate efficient methods to govern employees personal device use, authorized data and content, applications compliance, privacy, and general security. In addition to enforcing these policies, Aztek may consider seeking the professional servicesof solution providers such as ATT and the likes. These solution providers are specialized in providing BYOD solution, formulation of policies, risk assessment, and control measures to assist in the management of the policies. It is important to realize that technological evolution is inevitable(Guan, 2012). Aztek should, therefore, strive to leverage the advances in technology to its own benefit.This can be achieved by carefully planning a BYOD strategy under the current of future advances in devices, mobile networking, and application management. The need for the management team to implement a robust BYOD strategy is further emphasized by the financial data risks faced by Aztek. Although BYOD presents many opportunities and benefits to an Aztek, it also exposes the organization to various security threats and risk as outlined above. Studies have shown that most breaches on the securityframework of organizations are adirect result of using personal devices to access the organizations sensitive data(Keyes, 2013). Therefore, Aztek must enforce appropriate measures to maintain integrity and confidentiality,ensure compliance by the employees, manage the security risk, and preserve the availability of sensitive data in a secure manner. Some information when placedin the wrong hands may cause substantial damage to the organizations, clients image, operational complications, and even financial loss. Risk Assessment Aztek faces various vulnerabilities, threats, and consequences of a BYOD strategy. This report will analyze the risks based on the devices selected for the BYOD strategy, potential malicious programs or applications, insecure user engagement, unauthorized access, sensitive data exposure, loss of BYOD devices, and the loss of informational integrity. Devices selected The first thing for Aztek to consider in the risk assessment are the personal devices that the organization will authorize to access Azteks sensitive information (Suby, 2013). This assessment will include the device manufacturers, operating system platforms, and security features in the respective devices. Azteks assessment team must also determine the security threats imposed by each of these devices. Information on the merits and demerits of all authorized devices should be availed to the employees along with strategies to cope with any security issues that may arise as a result of the devices (Watkins, 2014). Malicious Programs There are a wide variety of malicious applications designed to steal, modify, or sniff sensitive information. As users interact with their devices, they often tend to customize the devices or access the internet for work-related and personal use. This exposes their devices to an attack by malicious programs that may access the sensitive operations information in those devices (Chin et al., 2011). A risk assessment is, therefore, necessary to determine possible infection avenues and ways of tackling the risk. Aztek may consider limiting application downloads to only trusted and authorized markets, ensure installation of malware prevention programs, and sensitive the users on the security threats, mitigation procedures and ways to avoid infection (Felt et al., 2011). User Engagement Risk arises based on the operational behavior of employees as they interact with their personaldevices (Mansfield-Devine, 2012). Insecure behavior may expose the devices to malware attacks or inadvertent leakage of sensitive information (Ballagas et al., 2004). Aztek is especially vulnerable due to the sensitivity of the financial services it offers. This risk assessment aims to determine the employees level of competency in handling sensitive organizational data from their personal devices. Unauthorized Access BYOD poses a major threat to Azteks information as a result of unauthorized access. Unlike organizational devices which are safely protected and managed by Azteks security team, the security of personal devices, especially outside the office, is solelyto the user (Keyes, 2013). This poses the risk that an unauthorized third party may obtain access to the devices and Azteks sensitive data. Employees must be sensitized on security measure to prevent unauthorized access. Sensitive Data Exposure Under a BYOD strategy, employees can access and distributeAzteks information from multi-points and in different locations. This exposes the information of this financial institution to manipulation and unauthorized use. The variety of devices also complicates the process of controlling data access and applying security measure to monitor the access, use, and distribution of Azteks sensitive information. Loss of Devices It is easy for employees to lose devices containing sensitive information. The devices might contain financial information, private documents,sensitive emails among others. Such information when used maliciously may damage Aztek reputation and its clients. Sincea misplaced device exposes Aztek to various critical risks, appropriate measures to manage the vulnerability should be put in place. Aztek may introduce tools to manage all personal devices remotely (Oppliger, 2011). With these tools, the IT team should have the relevant access to remotely lock lost devices or even wipe them clean if the need arises. Informational Integrity A defining characteristic of any BYOD strategy is the seamless integration of work and personal environments (Song, 2014). As the users interact with their personal devices on both environments, they expose Aztek to the loss of data integrity. A user may alter crucial information by mistake while interacting with the devices for personal use. It is therefore important for Azteks management and ICT team to provide security measures to avoid accidental alteration of Azteks information. Data Flow and Security The final part of this report analyzes the data flow and security risk of implementing a BYOD strategy.BYOB poses a privacy concern to Aztek. While in the process of obtaining work-related information from a personal device, its likely that the organization may accidentallyobtainthe users personal information (Garba et al., 2015).The Australian government has set out rules and regulations governing how organizations can store their clients sensitive information such as bank account details, social security numbers, drivers license among others (Downer Bhattacharya, 2015). Aztek must, therefore, determine how these regulations affect their BYOD strategy. The organization must determine the legally authorized information that its employees can store on their personal devices. Employees must likewise be sensitized on the governing laws and prohibited by way of a written agreement from storing such information.There also exists laws that require financial institutions to securely destro y or encrypt sensitive information regarding their customers such as financial reports or medical records (Moyer, 2013). In conclusion, a Bring-Your-Own-Device (BYOD) strategy bring various benefits and opportunities that will help Aztek achieve its organizational goal. The opportunity, however,presents the organization with various security and privacy risk. The Aztek must ensure compliance with all relevant laws regulating the financial services sector.The evolution of technology has facilitated a trend whereby privacy legislationisbeing developed and enforced continuously (French, Guo Shim, 2014). Aztek must be alert to amendments and new laws as we implement the BYOD strategy. References Ballagas, R., Rohs, M., Sheridan, J. G., Borchers, J. (2004, September). Byod: Bring your own device. InProceedings of the Workshop on Ubiquitous Display Environments, Ubicomp(Vol. 2004). Burt, J. (2011). BYOD trend pressures corporate networks.eweek,28(14), 30-31. Chin, E., Felt, A. P., Greenwood, K., Wagner, D. (2011, June). Analyzing inter-application communication in Android. InProceedings of the 9th international conference on Mobile systems, applications, and services(pp. 239-252). ACM. Downer, K., Bhattacharya, M. (2015, December). BYOD security: A new business management challenge. InSmart City/SocialCom/SustainCom (SmartCity), 2015 IEEE International Conference on(pp. 1128-1133). IEEE. Felt, A. P., Chin, E., Hanna, S., Song, D., Wagner, D. (2011, October). Android permissions demystified. InProceedings of the 18th ACM conference on Computer and communications security(pp. 627-638). ACM. French, A. M., Guo, C., Shim, J. P. (2014). Current Status, Issues, and Future of Bring Your Own Device (BYOD).CAIS,35, 10. Garba, A. B., Armarego, J., Murray, D., Kenworthy, W. (2015). Review of the information security and privacy challenges in Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) environments.Journal of Information privacy and security,11(1), 38-54. Ghosh, A., Gajar, P. K., Rai, S. (2013). Bring your own device (BYOD): Security risks and mitigating strategies.Journal of Global Research in Computer Science,4(4), 62-70. Guan, L. (2012). Established BYOD management policies needed.Government News,32(2), 9. Gustav, A., Kabanda, S. (2016). BYOD adoption concerns in the South African financial institution sector. InCONF-IRM(p. 59). French, A. M., Guo, C., Shim, J. P. (2014). Current Status, Issues, and Future of Bring Your Own Device (BYOD).CAIS,35, 10. Keyes, J. (2013).Bring your own devices (BYOD) survival guide. CRC press. Lebek, B., Degirmenci, K., Breitner, M. H. (2013). Investigating the influence of security, privacy, and legal concerns on employees' intention to use BYOD mobile devices. Mansfield-Devine, S. (2012). Interview: BYOD and the enterprise network.Computer fraud security,2012(4), 14-17. Miller, K. W., Voas, J., Hurlburt, G. F. (2012). BYOD: Security and privacy considerations.It Professional,14(5), 53-55. Mitrovic, Z., Veljkovic, I., Whyte, G., Thompson, K. (2014, November). Introducing BYOD in an organisation: the risk and customer services view points. InThe 1st Namibia Customer Service Awards Conference(pp. 1-26). Morrow, B. (2012). BYOD security challenges: control and protect your most sensitive data.Network Security,2012(12), 5-8. Moyer, J. E. (2013). Managing mobile devices in hospitals: A literature review of BYOD policies and usage.Journal of Hospital Librarianship,13(3), 197-208. Oppliger, R. (2011). Security and privacy in an online world.Computer,44(9), 21-22. Pillay, A., Diaki, H., Nham, E., Senanayake, S., Tan, G., Deshpande, S. (2013). Does BYOD increase risks or drive benefits.Melbourne, The University of Melbourne. Scarfo, A. (2012, November). New security perspectives around BYOD. InBroadband, Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications (BWCCA), 2012 Seventh International Conference on(pp. 446-451). IEEE. Shim, J. P., Mittleman, D., Welke, R., French, A. M., Guo, J. C. (2013). Bring your own device (BYOD): Current status, issues, and future directions. Song, Y. (2014). Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) for seamless science inquiry in a primary school.Computers Education,74, 50-60. Suby, M. (2013). The 2013 (ISC) 2 Global Information Security Workforce Study.Frost Sullivan in partnership with Booz Allen Hamilton for ISC2. Thomson, G. (2012). BYOD: enabling the chaos.Network Security,2012(2), 5-8. Vijayan, J., Hardy, G. M. (2015). Security Spending and Preparedness in the Financial Sector: A SANS Survey. Watkins, B. (2014). The impact of cyber attacks on the private sector.Briefing Paper, Association for International Affair, 12. Wiech, D. (2013). The benefits and risks of BYOD.Manufacturing Business Technology. Zahadat, N., Blessner, P., Blackburn, T., Olson, B. A. (2015). BYOD security engineering: A framework and its analysis.Computers Security,55, 81-99.

Saturday, March 28, 2020

The Yellow Wallpaper Gender Roles Essay Example For Students

The Yellow Wallpaper Gender Roles Essay Gender RolesChildren learn from their parents and society the conception offeminine and masculine. Much about these conceptions is not biological atall but cultural. The way we tend to think about men and women and their genderroles in society constitute the prevailing paradigm that influences out thinking. Riane Eisler points out that the prevailing paradigm makes it difficult for usto analyze properly the roles of men and women in prehistory we have a culturalbias that we bring to the effort and that colors our decision-making processes.Sexism is the result of that bias imposed by our process of acculturation. Gender roles in Western societies have been changing rapidly in recentyears, with the changes created both by evolutionary changes in society,including economic shifts which have altered the way people work and indeedwhich people work as more and more women enter the workforce, and by perhapspressure brought to make changes because of the perception that the traditionalsocial structure was inequitable. Gender relations are a part of thesocialization process, the initiation given the young by society, teaching themcertain values and creating in them certain behavior patterns acceptable totheir social roles. These roles have been in a state of flux in Americansociety in recent years, and men and women today can be seen as having expandedtheir roles in society, with women entering formerly male dominions and menfinding new ways to relate to and function in the family unit. We will write a custom essay on The Yellow Wallpaper Gender Roles specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now When I was growing up a woman was never heard of having a job other thana school teacher or seamstress. Our(womens)job was to take careof the house. We had a big garden out back from which we got mostof our vegetablesA garden is a lot of work you knowWe also had tomake clothes when there were none to be had(hand-me- downs)Gender can be defined as a social identity consisting of the role aperson is to play because of his or her sex. There is a diversity in male andfemale roles, making it impossible to define gender in terms of narrow male andfemale roles. Gender is culturally defined, with significant differences fromculture to culture. These differences are studied by anthropologists toascertain the range of behaviors that have developed to define gender and on theforces at work in the creation of these roles. The role of women in Americansociety was conditioned by religious attitudes and by the conditions of lifethat prevailed through much of American history. The culture of Europe andAmerica was based for centuries on a patriarchal system in which exclusiveownership of the female by a given male was considered important, with theresult that women were regulated to the role of property with no voice in theirown fate. The girl-child was trained from birth to fit the role awaiting her,and as long as compensations were adequate, women were relatively content:For Example, if in return for being a mans property a woman receiveseconomic security, a full emotional life centering around husband and children,and an opportunity to express her capacities in the management of her home, shehas little cause for discontent.While this statement is arguable in the way it assumes that women arenot discontented under such circumstances, it is clear that for most of historywomen were expected to be content with this sort of life and were trained forthat purpose. Clearly, circumstances of family life have changed in the modernera. Industry has been taken out of the home, and large families are no longereconomically possible or socially desired. The home is no longer the center ofthe husbands life, and for the traditional wife there is only a narrowing ofinterests and possibilities for development: Increasingly, the woman findsherself without an occupation and with an unsatisfactory emotional life.Thechange in sex roles that can be discerned in society is closely tied withchanges in the structure of the family. Changes in both family structure andsex roles over the last century have produced the ferment we still see today,and one of the problems with the changing role of women is the degree to whichsociety perceives this is causing unwanted changes in the family, though it isjust as true that changes in the family have altered the roles of women. .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 , .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .postImageUrl , .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 , .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0:hover , .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0:visited , .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0:active { border:0!important; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0:active , .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0 .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc58e13556cf57fcb367b542303cf3ba0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: English language arts EssayAs women entered the early 1990s, they faced a number of problems. Most of these problems have been around for some time, and women have challengedthem and even alleviated them without solving them completely. They areencountered in the workplace, in the home, in every facet of life. Women havemade advances toward the equality they seek only to encounter a backlash in theform of religious fundamentalism, claims of reverse discrimination by males, andhostility from a public that thinks the womens movement has won everything itwanted and should thus now be silent. Both the needs of women today and thebacklash that has developed derive from the changes in social and sexual rolesthat have taken place in the period since World War II. These changes involvethe new ability of women to break out of the gender roles created for them by apatriarchal society. The desperation women feel has been fed throughout history by thepractice of keeping women in their place by limiting their options. This wasaccomplished on one level by preventing women from gaining their the sort ofeducation offered to men, and while this has changed to a great extent, thereare still inequalities in the opportunities offered to men as opposed to women. Susan Brownmiller writes:The sad history of prohibitions on womens learning is too well known tobe recorded here. . . In much of the world women are barred from advancedknowledge and technical trainingYet opening the world of business with new opportunities for women does notdissipate much of this frustration because both men and women continue to beruled by their early training, by the acculturation process which decides forthem what sort of existence they will have. This can result in feelings ofguilt when their reality and the image they have been taught from childhood donot mesh. It would be a mistake to see changing gender roles in society asthreatening only to males who dominate that society. Such changes also threatenmany women who have accepted more traditional roles and see change as a threat. I dont know how your mother does it all. . . I think time are harder for womenthese days. . . so many choices.This response is not new. When women firstunited for the right to vote at the beginning of this century, they were opposedby womens groups who wanted things to remain as they were. Many of these womenwere ladies of means and social position in society:The main burden of their argument was that woman suffrage placed anadditional and unbearable burden on women, whose place was in the home. . . These arguments are heard today from religious fundamentalists who believe thatthe womens movement is a threat to the family. The fact is that the family haschanged and that the traditional family structure of homemaker, husband asbreadwinner, and children bow constitutes only 10 percent of families. The rolefor women has expanded with more women in the workplace and with a variety offamily structures with new roles for all members of the family. Business hasbeen slow to change and to acknowledge the new family, and for all thecomplaints about the womens movement as anti-family, the movement has insteadfollowed the trend of placing the family in the forefront of addressing familyissues as vital to women. There is much evidence that boys and girls are treated differently formbirth, and this fact has been noted in every world culture:It may never be possible to separate out the precise effects ofphysiology and cultural conditioning on human beings. Not only do theyindividually influence people but they interact with each other and with eachpersons unique essence to affect human behavior. To accord with the reality ofthis complex interplay of factors, and to accord with an increasingly complexexternal world, feminists ask simply for options in life styles. .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 , .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .postImageUrl , .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 , .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4:hover , .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4:visited , .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4:active { border:0!important; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4:active , .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4 .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uce6b4864322d0b07065a90835ea88de4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Interpersonal Communication EssayThose stuck in sexism, however, cannot grant even the simple request to ask whywomen are inferior. The reason sexism exists at all is because of anacculturation process which subtly creates it, and it is perpetuated in part forthat reason and also because perceived changes in the roles and status of womencreate a backlash based on fear of change. Surveys have shown that identical resumes or scholarly articles arerated lower if the applicant is though to be a woman rather than a man: Manssuccess is more likely to be attributed to ability and womans to luck.Whileadvances have been made over the last decade, the challenge remains for the next,and as long as women constitute small minorities in nontraditional employmentcontexts, substantial obstacles will remain.The women in the workplace mustwork harder to succeed than their male counterparts, and once they havesucceeded they have to deal with the envy and anxiety this arouses. Women whodo not advance only confirm the stereotype for others:The perception remains that women cant make it by conventionalstandards, or are less committed to doing so. In either event, they donot seem to warrant the same investment in training, assistance,and promotion opportunities as their male counterparts. Feminist theorists have been calling for some time for a change in thepolitical climate. They want more than just more women in office and thepolitical arena; they want a new type of political thinking, one that empowerspeople rather than government and that addresses the issues that are ofimportance to men and women:If we can eliminate the false polarities and appreciate the limits andtrue potential of womens power, we will be able to join with menfollow or leadin the new human politics that must emerge beyondreaction. This new human liberation will enable us to take back theday and the night, and use the precious and limited resources of ourearth and the limitless resources of our human capital to erect new kinds ofhomes for all our dreams. . . The perception the public has had on the role of men and women isoutdated and has been for some time, but public attitudes change slowly even inthe face of overwhelming evidence. More than 40 years ago, anthropologistMargaret Mead noted the way the West had developed its concept of male andfemale:There has long been a habit in Western civilization of men to havea picture of womanhood to which women reluctantly conformed,and for women to make demands on man to which men adjustedeven more reluctantly. This has been a accurate picture of the way inwhich we have structured our society, with women as keepers of thehouse who insist that the man wipe their feet on the door-mat, and menas keepers of women in the house who insist that their wivesshould stay modestly indoors. Today, people are far less willing to accept these artificial roles evenreluctantly, and this includes the provision keeping women in the home and outof the public arena. To have more women in office it is necessary to have morewomen run. As noted, public views change more slowly than the reality of genderroles. They will continue to change slowly as long as we continue acculturatingchildren with the same sexual stereotypes that have so long prevailed. It isnecessary that we address this issue from early childhood, with parentsdemonstrating a different view of gender and sexual roles just as the school andchurch should take a part in eliminating the old stereotypes in favor of a morereasonable and equitable way to view both men and women. Social Issues

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Purchase quality economics essay from us

Purchase quality economics essay from us Economics essay Students taking a course in Economics are often assigned to produce an economics essay. When giving this assignment, professors want to see whether students understand an educational program well. Moreover, producing such papers helps students learn to cover different topics. Thus, they will know how to analyze economic issues in the right way. Note that different mathematical formulas and methods are used to prepare works in Accounting. You should know that Economics is a complex academic area. You should adopt financial strategies and develop economic concepts to write superior economics essays. This subject analyzes such matter as GDP (gross domestic product). Furthermore, it explores the way various economic issues influence different industries. Economics can be divided into two types: macro and micro. Macroeconomics examines an economy as a unit. In this case, the economy of a particular country and that of big entities are taken into account. Microeconomics investigates how small companies distribute their economic resources. It is obvious that economic essays are written on a variety of topics. You need to choose the one for your work. There are a lot of issues you can write about. Nevertheless, you should select the subject that you are well-aware of. For instance, you may examine such item as recession. In this case, you should find out what causes it. In order to analyze the issue thoroughly, you should take into account the following facts: climate changes, low economic growth, a small number of tourists, etc. Note that there are a lot of other economics essay topics which you may cover. When writing your economic essay, you need to use modern reliable sources. Thus, you will be able to collect relevant material on the discussed subject. For this reason, you should browse websites providing economic information, read journals and economics articles about the considered matter. By the way, you may ask you teacher to explain some aspects of the work clearly. Moreover, your professor may recommend using some reputable sources for preparing your paper. Are you eager to know how to write an economics essay perfectly? First, you need to write grammatically correct sentences and pay meticulous attention to the meaning of the used words. However, if you face any difficulties, you should get valuable help online. Our writers can produce original academic works in different subjects. They use authoritative sources when preparing essays. Besides, they always make references appropriately. You can be sure that a skilled writer will be assigned to your order. Furthermore, you may choose a preferred writer to do you all your assignments. We ensure that you will receive a good essay form us on time. If you want to prepare a work of superior quality, you should write a great thesis statement. Thus, you need to conduct detailed research to examine the topic properly. If you should focus on the main idea of your paper, you will develop it in the right manner. Remember that the presented ideas should be based on strong arguments. Readers may disagree with the viewpoint presented in your piece of economics essay writing. Therefore, you should provide factual data to persuade readers take your position. Before you begin producing your paper, you should make a plan. It should present all the points you are going to explore in your economics essay. You need to write a great work, so that readers find it interesting. If you concentrate on the selected topic, you will prepare an outstanding piece of writing.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

MEDIA PLAY IN SHAPING PUBLIC DEBATE ABOUT CURRENT ISSUES (WRITE A Essay

MEDIA PLAY IN SHAPING PUBLIC DEBATE ABOUT CURRENT ISSUES (WRITE A PAPER BASED ON BOOK) - Essay Example ributing to and reflecting public sentiments about immigration in the United States, largely because of how it frames arguments around the latter (Fryberg et al. 3) and people’s selective media consumption (de Zà ºÃƒ ±iga, Correa, and Valenzuela 599). Framing pertains to â€Å"the way that an argument is packaged†¦ so as to make accessible and encourage a particular interpretation of a given issue† (Fryberg et al. 3). The media has a significant role in affecting the public debate of immigration through its framing and slanting of news about it, although political ideology, exposure to different sources of news, and geographic location affects the framing perspective and public sentiments on immigration also. The media affects current immigration issues through its different ways of controlling information, as it builds and contributes to the formation of civil society through the informatization of the world. In reality, numerous news and media content compete for media coverage, and immigration is only one of many possible everyday topics. The media has the power to decide which topics to cover, how it can cover it, and how many times it can cover it, although their coverage also depends on what the public wants or what politicians what to talk about in the news (Fryberg et al. 3; Hayes 1). Some scholars have already noted that the media has become powerful in shaping civil society through influencing the availability of and access to different content of news and information. In Social History of the Media Asa Briggs and Peter Burke describe the rise of the information age, which evolved from the printing press to the radios and television to the electronic and digital media. They not e the informatization of civil society, as people in power and related to them understand that â€Å"[c]ontrol of information†¦would be the essence of wealth and power in the future† (Briggs and Burke 232). Whoever holds sources of data of whatever form has the power to sway the